|Date:14 Jul 1992||Occasion:Guru Poornima||Place:Prashanti Nilayam|
God alone is the Sadhguru
Brahmaanandham Parama Sukhadham KevaIam Jnaanamurthim
Dhvandhvaatheetham Gagana Sadhrisham Tathvam asyaadilakshyam
Ekam Nithyam Vimalam Achalam Sarvadhee Saakshibhutham
Bhavaatheetham Thrigunarahitham Sadhgurum Tham Namaami
Embodiments of Divine Love!
It is not easy to understand the divine principle. The ego of "I" and the attachment of "Mine" are responsible for all difficulties. Man attains divinity very easily the moment he gives up ego and attachment. Aathma is omnipresent. Aathma is infinite. Aathma is the One without a second. But, it appears as many because of the diversity of forms. Spirituality is that which recognizes the One that subsumes all diversities as the Aathma.
Unfortunately, to-day there are many intellectuals who divide the One into the many. But there are very few who see the One in the many. Here is an example. We have built a mansion. In this mansion we have one room for bath, one for cooking, another for dining and yet another for living. What is it responsible for this division? It is walls in between. If you remove the walls, the mansion becomes one again. Because of the walls in between, there are different rooms with different names and forms. Similarly, the mansion of Aathma is only one. Since we have created in this mansion of Aathma, different rooms of the body, senses, mind, intellect, will and ego, the diversity appears.
The underlying Guru principle of Bliss
Since this divisive tendency is on the increase among mankind to-day there is great need for the Guru. Who is a true Guru? What is the truth underlying the Guru principle? Is he the one that teaches worldly education? Is he the one that explores the properties of matter, a Guru? Is he the one that describes in detail Natural Sciences, a Guru? No, they are only teachers. A true Guru is the embodiment of Brahmaanandha (transcendental bliss). Who is this Brahmaanandha? Where does he exist? When we enquire on these lines, we find that there is nothing comparable to it in the universe. All the joys of the world are immanent in Brahmaanandha (transcendental divine bliss).
The true measure of Brahmaanandha
What kind of joy does a man experience when he is happy, healthy and contented? What is the type of joy that man derives out of wealth, properties, pleasures and fortune? This is called Manushyaanandha (human joy). Hundred times more than Manushyaanandha is Indhranandha; hundred times more than Indhranandha is Dhevendhranandha; hundred times more than Dhevendhranandha is Dhevaanandha; hundred times more than Dhevaanandha is Brihaspathi Aanandha; hundred times more than Brihaspathi Aanandha is Prajaapathi Aanandha; hundred times more than Prajaapathi Aanandha is Brahmaanandha. This is the true measure of Brahmaanandha. Such an expression as Brahmaanandha (transcendental divine bliss) which is beyond all human imagination is used in common parlance to mean worldly joy. People say, "My daughter's marriage was performed with Brahmaanandha!" or "My son is in foreign country with Brahmaanandha!" or "My son has secured good results in the examination with Brahrnaanandha!" But, is Brahmaanandha such an easy and cheap thing to be attained? Is it worldly or material? No. Not at all. This Brahmaanandha transcends the material, moral, religious and spiritual aspects of life.The true Guru is one who experiences the supreme bliss of Brahmaanandha. Who is he? None except God has the competence to experience such bliss. All the joys are inherent in this bliss.
The next aspect of Guru is Paramasukhadham (highest happiness). This happiness is higher than all the happiness in the world. This is not worldly happiness, which has a beginning and an end and is ever-changing; it comes and goes. But Paramasukhadham neither comes nor goes. Mundane pleasures are just water bubbles. They may burst any moment. The happiness with changes is not true happiness. All the pleasures enjoyed by man in this world change with time and place.A true Guru is one who enjoys and confers changeless supreme happiness.
The third aspect of the Guru is Kevalam (the ultimate). What is Kevalam? It means that which transcends time and space. All the things in the world are bound by time and space. But He is beyond space and time; and there is nothing higher than Him. That is why He is called Kevalam. He is none other than God.
The vision of oneness is true wisdom
He is Jnaanamurthi (embodiment of wisdom).What is Jnaana or true wisdom? Is it material or worldly knowledge? Is it the knowledge of chemistry? Is it science? No, all this knowledge is related to materials in the world. But, true Jnaanam is the basis for all types of knowledge and is beyond them. It is infinite, unmanifest and remains ever as the One, "Adhvaitha Darshanam Jnaanam" (true wisdom is the vision of Oneness). All this is one and there is no second object in the world. Even if there is a second object, it is nothing but the reflection, reaction and resound of the first One. Real wisdom is the vision of one's own true nature. Knowing oneself is true wisdom. Where does the man who seeks to know himself go? With which Guru does he take shelter? Is a person who asks others, "Where am I" a wise one? No, he is ignorant. None would search for oneself in the external world. But, to-day's men are such ignorant ones. One who knows himself is the wise one. He is none other than God. God is the very embodiment of wisdom. He is the very form of truth and infinite. Sathyam Jnaanam Anantham Brahma (Brahma is Truth, Wisdom and infinite).
The next is Dhvandhvaatheetham or the One who transcends the pairs of opposites. What is this principle? It transcends heat and cold, happiness and sorrow, gain and loss or praise and blame. This principle can only be God and none else has this power--He is the true Guru.
God is more omnipresent than space
Gagana Sadhrisham is the next aspect. Where is Gagaha or sky? It is all-pervading. "Akaasham Gaganam Shoonyam." Really, it cannot be seen. We look upward and say it is the sky. But, it is not the sky, which is just a combination of clouds. Sky is the one that provides space for them. This sky (space) exists everywhere. Is it possible to show it? Yes, it is possible. It is there when you snap your fingers or clap your hands. It is there when Svaami speaks. What is the nature of this Akaasha (space)? Sound is its nature. Wherever there is sound, there is the space. Even inhalation and exhalation are sounds. Therefore, where is the place without space? There is no such place at all. Space is present everywhere.One who is more Omnipresent than space is God Himself. Therefore, such a God is the true Guru.
Thathvamasyaadhi lakshyam is the next aspect. What is Thathvam? There are four great pronouncements. "Prajnaanam Brahma"--this is the essence of Rig Vedha; "Aham Brahmaasmi" is the essence of Yajur Vedha; "Thath Thvam Asi" is the essence of Sama Vedha; "Ayam Aathma Brahma" is the essence of Atharvana Vedha. All those four great declarations point to One Divinity. Though they state and explain differently, their goal is One Divinity.
The fist pronouncement is "Prajnanam Brahma." What is Prajna? We call an intelligent person as a Prajnaashaali. Is Prajna merely intelligence or cleverness? No. Where is this Prajna? This Prajna is present in the body, senses, the mind, intellect, inner will and ego and all over. This Prajna is present in all the living and the non-living alike. It is called Constant Integrated Awareness. What is Awareness? Awareness is nothing--To know what? Is it fractional knowledge? No, it is complete knowledge. It is the knowledge of the principle that is immanent in the living and the non-living alike. Actually, Prajna and Brahman are synonymous. Some scholars interpret that Prajna is Brahman. But, they are not two different things. What is Brahman? Brahman is the all pervasive One. It is the Brihath principle. The universe itself is the Brihath or mighty principle. Brahman is immanent in the whole cosmos. To put it in simple terms,Brahman means pervasiveness. It is all-pervading. True Guru is the one with these attributes.
Aham as witness is the very form of Aathma
The second pronouncement is "Aham Brahmaasmi". People think that Aham is "I". No. It has another meaning also. It is witness. He is witness to everything. He is the Aathma. Aham is the very form of Aathma. The Awareness or Consciousness which is present everywhere is installed as Aathma in man. Aathma, Consciousness and Brahma are not different. What is this? (Bhagavaan showed the handkerchief in his hand). This is cloth. If you remove the idea of cloth, you see thread and if your remove the idea of thread, you see cotton. The cloth, thread and cotton are one and the same. Similarly the same principle takes upon the names of Aathma, Brahman or Aham at different times and situations. Therefore, the statement of "Aham Brahmaasmi" means that the witness Aathma or "I" in me is Brahman Himself.
The third declaration is "Thath Thvam Asi." This is the essence of Sama Vedha. Thath means "That" and Thvam means "This," Asi means "one and the same." When "I" and "you" stand apart, "I" am different from "you." But when "I" and "you" get together, the difference is lost and they together become "We." The two become one. The one with the Upaadhi (body) is Thvam and the one without the Upaadhi is Thath. One is Jeeva (the individual) and the other is Dheva (God). Saama Vedha explains clearly that Jeeva and Dheva are one and the same.
Three in one
"Ayam Aathma Brahma." You should enquire into this statement clearly. There are three words--Ayam, Aathma and Brahma. But, they are one and the same. This statement depicts the oneness of the three persons--"The one you think you are." "The one others think you are" and "The one you really are!" i.e. the body, the mind and the Aathma. You act with the body, think with the mind and you witness both as the Atman. In wakeful state you are the Vishva, you are Thaijasa in dream state and in the deep sleep state you are Prajna. Who is the Prajna? "Prajnaanam Brahma." Prajnaanam is the Aathma.
The real Guru is the very embodiment of the Divine principle, which is the inner meaning of these four great pronouncements. He is the one who has experienced and enjoyed the essence of these declarations and takes upon Himself a Form to teach the same.
A true guru recognizes the nature of God
Ekam: Brahman is the One without a second. It is only One. It is the One that exists before birth, after death and during one's lifetime. It does not change. God is the only one. All other things are diverse manifestations. A Guru is one who has recognized that the many exist in the One. Take for example, a banyan seed. It is one. Within this small seed exists the huge tree with branches and sub-branches with flowers and fruit. Roots are different, the branches are different, flowers and fruits are different. But, all of them come form the one seed. The tree is one but one person may look at the branches, other at the leaf, another at the flower and yet another at the fruit.The Guru is this Ekam (the One). Who is it? It is God Himself.
Nithyam: The One who never changes under any circumstances. The sun and the moon move and change, but He does not change. When some one is born he is a child, at 10 years he becomes a boy, at 30 a man and at 75 a grandfather. Thus man changes with time. But, He remains same in birth and death. In fact,He has neither birth nor death, neither beginning nor end. He is God Himself: He is the Guru.
Vimalam: is the next attribute. He is the One without any type of impurity. He is pure, unsullied and sacred. He is not tainted by anything worldly. Whatever is put into fire is burnt into ashes. The things thrown into fire may be pure or impure. Fire remains ever-pure You may burn the body, wood, iron or gold in fire: but the fire is not tainted.He is pure and sacred. Who is He? He is God.
Achalam: All things change and move. The earth rotates around its axis at a speed of 1016 miles an hour. Not only does earth revolve around itself, it moves round the sun at a speed of 66,000 miles. But, we cannot see its movement. We think we are moving and the earth is still. No. The earth is moving. The moon and the sun and the planets are also moving. On a cinema screen 16 pictures of the film move in one second but the screen is steady. Similarly, He is steady and motionless. He need not move anywhere, because He is here, there and everywhere.
The eternal witness
Sarvaadhee Saakhshibhutham: He is the witness of everything. A drama is being enacted on the stage. The king is speaking majestically, the minister is explaining something and the servant is standing with a stick in his hand. But, the light on the stage is not affected by their conversation. It remains ever the same. Harischandra is grieved; Chandramathi is lamenting; Rohltasya is fallen dead by a serpent bite. But, nothing affects the stage-light. All the changes are for the actors on the stage. But, the light is not affected by them. It remains as a mere witness.The Guru is such an Eternal Witness.
Bhaavaatheetham: He transcends mental comprehension and verbal explanation. None can explain His nature.He is beyond all feelings and thoughts. He is the true Guru.
Thrigunarahitham: The three qualities of Sathva, Rajas and Thamas are the characteristics of Nature. Wherever these qualities exist, happiness and sorrow follow. When these three are absent, there is neither happiness nor sorrow.Who is beyond these qualities? He is God. He is the true Guru.
Guru and the cosmos
Who is a Guru?
Gurur Brahma Gurur Vishnu
Gurur Dhevo Maheshvarah
Guruh Sakshath Para Brahma
Thasmaih Sri Gurave Namaha.
Guru is Brahman. He is the Creator; He Himself is the creation and He is the One that exists in the creation. The universe is filled with Brahman. It becomes clear that theOne who Himself has become the universe is the Guru.
Guru is Vishnu. Who is Vishnu? Is He the one with conch, discus, mace and lotus in His hands? No. Vishnu is one who has the quality of pervasiveness. He is the Doer and also what is done. The universe is the action, God is the Doer. God is the consciousness behind the cause and effect.The whole universe is the form of Vishnu. This Vishnu is the Guru.
Who is a Guru? Is one who teaches a 'manthra' a Guru? No.
Gukaaro Gunaatheetham, Rukaaro Ruupavarjithah
Gukaaro Andhakaarascha Rukaaro Thannivaaranah
'Gu' stands for Gunaatheetha (one who transcends the three Gunas) while 'ru' stands for Ruupavarjitha (one who is formless). Also 'Gu' means the darkness of ignorance. What can dispel the darkness? Only light can do it. ThereforeGuru is one who dispels the darkness of ignorance. Guru is not the one who gives a manthra or teaches you Vedhaantha. Those whom we call Gurus in the common parlance are not real Gurus! You may call them teachers. Those who practice and teach the same to others are called Achaaryas. Achaarya is one who demonstrates through practice. Today we have neither Achaaryas nor Gurus. Today the so-called Gurus whisper a manthra in the ear and stretch their hands for money.
A Guru is God Himself
Guru is Maheshvara. Who is Maheshvara? He is the one who rules all beings in the Universe. He commands and ordains everything in the universe in the right manner. Sun-rise and Sun-set go on according to His command. Seasons, rain, the day and night are His commands. Eeshvara is one that makes everything--follow its discipline without any lapse.Guru is not one who merely teaches. A Guru is omnipotent, omniscient and omnipresent, He is God himself.
Guru is Brahma, Vishnu and Eeshvara. Some people may say that Vishnu and Eeshvara do not go together. But it is ignorance to think so. It is only the narrow-mindedness of these devotees. Some call themselves Vaishnavites (the worshippers of Vishnu) and some others namely Shaivites (worshippers of Shiva or Eeshvara). But Vishnu and Shiva are one and same.
Vishnu holds in the four hands the Conch, the Discuss, the Mace and the Lotus. Conch is the symbol of sound, the Discuss of time, the Mace of power and the Lotus of the heart. He is the master of sound, time, power and the hearts of all beings. Similarly Siva holds in the hands Damaru (the drum), and Thrishuula (trident). Here Damaru stands for sound and Thrishuula for a three-pronged time. He is the master of time and sound. Thus both are same, only names and forms are different.
Only narrow minds create differences
Here is an example in the context of Indian traditions. Both Vaishnavites and Shaivites visit Tirupati. There is only one God there. Shaivites call Him Venkateshvara and Vaishnavites call Him Venkataramana. There may be difference in their feelings but God is one. They create differences in order to satisfy their petty minds.
Another example. Shiva is called Pashupathi, the Lord of pashu or beings. The individual with mind-principle are beings. Vishnu is called Gopaala, the Lord of Cows or beings. Actually both mean the same. Only narrow minds create differences. Narrow minded people can never attain higher states whatever practices they undertake for any length of time. We should recognize the unity in diversity. This is true spirituality. You are yourself God. As long as you do not know this truth you are Jeeva (individual); once you know, you are Dheva (God).
The power of faith and surrender
Today you have heard Anil Kumar speaking with joy about the devotion and the experiences of devotees in Japan, Thailand and Hong Kong. Some people think, these people from far off places have such intense devotion, sense of surrender and many experiences, but how is it that being so near to Svaami for so long we do not experience these? Svaami does not shower any extra compassion on them. God responds according to one's faith. Their faith is responsible for everything.
Of course, there are right and wrong things both here and there. But because of the great distance, they develop more intense devotion and sense of surrender Intense feelings remain secure under all circumstances. When the devotion is not intense, it becomes fickle. Here is an example. There are huge trees on the roadside. These trees remain green in spite of famine and drought. On the other side there is the paddy crop nearby. You have to water it everyday. Even if you do not water it one day, it will dry up. Foolish ones may think, "Paddy crop dries up if it does not get water for a day. How is it the trees remain green even, in a long period of drought?" What is the reason for this? The roots of the tree have gone deep down to the water level, whereas the roots of the paddy crop remain on the surface.
We do not have steady and strong faith. Faith is our breath. We listen to Svaami's discourses everyday, but we do not derive any benefit. There are some who hear only once but remain strong for ever. Anil Kumar had delivered discourses all over India. His discourses are highly attractive and colorful. But his monkey mind is full of jumps and bumps. Some times, he doubts these things which he himself talks. In order to remove his doubts I sent him to Tokyo. He went and saw for himself their devotion and sense of surrender. He has understood that their faith is responsible for every thing. All the difficulties begin when one's faith wavered.
Prahlaadha loved Hari (God) and his father Hiranyakashipu hated Hari. The father went on arguing and denying the existence of God, whereas the son went on establishing His existence. Who protected Prahlaadha when he was thrown down the mountain? His faith protected him and not Vishnu. His faith took the form of Vishnu.
Divinity in all forms - the Shirdi episode
Once in Shirdi, Thahtya's wife prayed to Baba to visit their home and partake food there. Baba accepted her request and promised to visit their home. She prepared everything for Baba's visit and kept everything ready. But Baba did not come at the appointed hour. She served food in the plate and went to Baba's photograph and said, "Baba why are you putting me to shame? More than my humiliation, you will be called a liar if you do not come. Why do you utter a lie? You should keep up your word!"
Meanwhile, a dog came into the house, started eating the food in the plate served for Baba. When she turned round to see what was happening, she found the dog. She got angry and beat the dog with a stick and sent it out. She was very sad that food served for God was eaten up by a dog. Next day she went to Baba and pleaded with him, "Baba! Should you not keep up your words? Why should you Utter falsehood?" Baba got angry and shouted at her. 'Saitan! What is the need for me to utter falsehood?" In Shirdi, Baba used the word 'Saitan!' often, now Svaami uses the word 'Dunnapotu' (he buffalo in Thelugu). Baba continued angrily, "There is no need for me to utter any lie even if it is to satisfy you. My form is Truth but you are not able to recognize it out of your narrow thinking. You assume that Sai Baba is only this body measuring five and a half feet. All forms are Mine! You do not have such broad mindedness. You are narrow-minded. The dog was none other than Myself."
God can come in any Form. All Forms are His
Divinity is that which identifies itself with all the forms. It is narrow minded feeling to adduce Divinity to be in one physical frame and have all our acts of devotion on such an assumption. God can come in any form. All forms are His. Svaami tells something to some boy; He may tell something to Anil Kumar. He may send the message through anybody. One may die of serpent bite, another by being struck by a lightning and yet another by slipping and falling. People might think, "Why should he die in this way? Why did not God protect him?" But serpents and lightning were sent by God Himself. They are none but the messengers of God.
We have built the Super Specialty Hospital here. Why did we start it? Many people suffer from many diseases. It is difficult to expect every one to develop divine feelings of devotion and surrender. Some people have faith in medicines, some in operations and some others in doctors. Whether it is a verandah or a choultry, it is enough if one sleeps. Similarly, here our purpose is that people should get rid of their ailments, given good health and live happily. Further, many medical experts like Dr. Venugopal and his team from Delhi, and the team from Hyderabad are performing the operations with great devotion and dedication. What is the reason for all these people to come here and carry on the operations? Apart from their faith and devotion, they have the good aspiration to give joy to one and all. They do all this keeping Svaami in view.
Faith is the cause of fearlessness
Earlier, heart operation was a very frightening thing and people would shudder at the prospect of this operation. They would be afraid of the consequences. The patients would cry and make their kith and kin cry. But in Prashaanthi Nilayam today, heart operation has become an easy thing like removing the thorn from one's foot. None has any fear. That is fearlessness!
Even little children come to our Hospital with a smile on their face. When Svaami went to the Hospital a little child in the cot who was operated, saluted Him with a broad smile on her face. Neither her parents nor relatives were there but she was full of joy. What is the cause? It is because of the environment. Their faith is mainly responsible for this. All the things are going on very joyfully. Every one thinks it is God's work. There is no trace of ego in those who work here.
We may get fresh vegetable from the market. We prepare good sambar with dhal, tamarind, chilies and salt. But the sambar is spoilt. Is it the mistake of the salt or dhal or tamarind? No, the vessel is not tinned. The operation may be done spending lakhs of rupees. If there is no love and devotion in the work, it is like cooking sambar in an untinned vessel. Faith is most important for success or failure. It is faith or lack of faith which is responsible. Without this faith if you get into argumentation in the name of devotion, it is only the effect of ego and ostentation.
God is the only Guru
Embodiments of Divine Love!
If you want to understand divinity, you should have the firm faith that divinity is every where. There is no place or object without divinity. Gurupuurnima means full moon without any defect or lacuna. Moon is nothing but mind. When the mind is completely perfect, it sheds light. Gurupuurnima is not performed by circumambulation and offerings to the Guru. What is the real offering? It is the offering of one's love. To know that God exists everywhere is circumambulation. If you understand these terms, everyday is Gurupuurnima. There is only one Guru, that is God and there is no other Guru. Contemplate on that Guru.